What is Alopecia?

Alopecia refers to a type of hair loss where your hair follicles are attacked by the body’s immune system. Also known as spot baldness, alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease that frequently begins with one or more circular patches on the scalp. It is an unpredictable illness where the hair follicles become small and does not grow hair above the skin surface. It usually begins with a few strands of hair falling out, gradually resulting into total round and smooth hairless patch on the scalp. Apart from the scalp, a person could lose hair from other parts of the body as well.
Alopecia cannot be cured but it can be treated. Most of the times, it is also referred as spot baldness, and usually begins when clumps of hair fall out resulting into totally smooth, bald patch. A person can get affected with Alopecia due to varied reasons. The reasons are:
•    When you suffer from auto-immune disease
•    When you suffer from type 1 Diabetes
•    When you have a family history
•    When you are suffering from stress
Alopecia can cause different types of hair loss. Each of these have a different name:
•    Alopecia Areata (hair loss in patches)
•    Alopecia Totalis (total hair loss on the scalp)
•    Alopecia Universalis (hair loss all over the body)