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What is PCOD/PCOS, Causes & Symptoms

PCOD or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) occurs not just in women, but in girls as young as 11! Polycystic ovaries are generally larger in size and denser than the normal ovaries. It usually occurs when the sex hormones go out of balance and the body starts producing more male hormones resulting in the onset of several symptoms.

What causes PCOS?

The cause is not clearly known, but it is thought to be hereditary and hormonal changes are also known to play a significant role. Excess weight complicates the problem. Studies done globally show that 50% of women with PCOD are overweight.

  • Increase in insulin levels– Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the pancreas and helps the cells to utilise sugar and convert it into energy. In case you become insulin resistant, your body is unable to convert sugar into energy effectively. This could also create increase the production of androgen and cause PCOD. Obesity is a major cause of insulin resistance. Both obesity and insulin resistance can increase your risk for type 2 diabetes.
  • Low-grade inflammation– Women who suffer from PCOD usually have low-grade inflammation that stimulates their ovaries to produce excess male hormones. Obesity also contributes to inflammation.
  • Genetic issues– If any female member of your family, like your mother or sister, suffers from PCOS, then there are chances of you getting affected with PCOS as well.

Symptoms of PCOD/PCOS

The symptoms of PCOD (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) usually start soon after the first menstrual period. The type and severity of the symptoms vary from person to person. The most common symptom of PCOD is irregular periods. The severity of PCOD symptoms appears to be largely determined by factors such as obesity.

So, what happens to women with PCOD/PCOS as they age? Firstly, it doesn’t mean that your life is over. There are a lot of things you can do to stay healthy, thus minimising the risk of developing complications such as blood sugar, heart disease, high blood pressure during pregnancy and high cholesterol, as you age.

The signs and symptoms of PCOD may vary, but some of the most common symptoms are-

  • Irregular periods or no periods
  • Excess hair on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs or toes
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Infertility
  • Decrease in breast size
  • Thinning of hair
  • Deeper voice
  • Skin conditions like acne, patches of thick, dark or velvety skin
  • Weight gain and obesity
  • Pelvic pain
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Headache

Type 2 symptoms include:

  • Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol
  • Heart diseases
  • Mood disorders
  • Endometrial cancer

Trying to figure out the root cause of the above-mentioned symptoms can be difficult. When it comes to the issue of anxiety, the difficulty is more as PCOS is linked to anxiety in many ways. For instance, irregular periods, disturbed sleep, abnormal weight gain, hair growth and acne can all cause anxiety.

Besides this, the symptoms can cause a great deal of physical and emotional stress in a woman’s life. Put an end to this suffering and manage PCOD/PCOS the natural way! Call on our toll-free number 18002660607 and book an appointment with our health experts!