PCOD/PCOS Health Management Plan
1 in every 5 women today in India have PCOS. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), or earlier known as PCOD ( Polycystic Ovary Disorder) is a hormonal condition in women. PCOS is no longer considered a disorder today. It is a condition in which women face irregular and infrequent menstrual periods along with secondry symptoms of PCOS like excessive hair growth, heavy menstrual bleed and pain, insulin resistance, hair thinning, acne, hirsutism (elevated male hormones) that leads to growth of dark coarse hair all across the body. Sleep apnea, mood swings, fatigue and weight gain are also additional symptoms of PCOS. PCOS or PCOD-more popularly known in India today – cannot be treated, but the symptoms of PCOS / PCOD can be managed with nutrition, homeopathy and ayurveda.
Causes of PCOD/PCOS
The exact cause of PCOD/PCOS are not known, however some research shows that there are few known causes that may trigger PCOS/PCOD in women.
A High Carb Diet
Consumption of carbohyderates in India is very high compared to other western countries. Studies have shown that a high-carb diet triggers pcos. Unlike western countries where 70% of the diet is proteins and 30% consists of carbs, in India it is quite the opposite. A normal Indian diet consists of 70% carbs supplemented with only 30% proteins.
If any female member of your family, like your mother or sister, suffers from PCOD/PCOS, then there are chances of you getting it too. Even though PCOD/PCOS causes are not well known, you can still protect yourself by making a few simple and healthy lifestyle modifications and feeding your body with the right kind of food
Exercise, Walking , Playing a sport is not an inherent part of our culture as compared to the west. Lack of exercise and an increasingly sedentary lifestyles that have become characteristic of our urban existence that can contribute to pcod-pcos.
Irregular Menstrual Periods
One of the most obvious symptoms of PCOS or PCOD are irregular menstrual periods. Women with PCOS may miss periods or even have fewer periods (less than 8 periods in a year). Their periods may also come every 21 days or more often. Some women with PCOS/PCOD stop having menstrual periods completely. There even cases where women with PCOS only get their menstrual periods only twice in a year.
Sleep apnea is a respiratory disorder in which a person experiences pauses in breathing. Pauses can last from a few seconds to a minute and can occur multiple times throughout the night. PCOS/ PCOD has been linked to sleep apnea. For women with PCOS/PCOD, sleep apnea can exacerbate other PCOS symptoms like fatigue, insulin resistance and hypertension. Women with PCOS are two times more likely to develop sleep apnea.
Women with PCOS/PCOD have elevated levels of male hormones (androgens) that lead to the growth of coarse, dark hair all across the body, specially in areas like face, chest and back.
Due to the imbalance of female sex hormones in women with PCOS/PCOD, prevents the development and release of mature eggs. Without a mature egg, neither ovulation or pregnancy can occure. As ovulation does not occur regularly, periods become irregular, and the increased levels of hormones such as testosterone affect the quality of the egg, inhibit ovulation, leading to insulin resistance, and increases the risk of gestational diabetes.
Acne & Oily Skin
Increased male hormones in women with PCOS / PCOD, leads to oiler skin, causing breakouts on areas like the face, chest and upper back.
Women with PCOS/PCOD are at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. This is due to the higher prevalence of obesity and insulin resistance. Approximately 70% of women with PCOS have dyslipidemia, which causes high levels of triglycerides (TG) and low levels of high-density liprprotein HDL (good cholesterol).
Acanthosis Nigricans / Dark Skin Patches
Many adolecents with PCOS/PCOD have higher levels of the hormone insulin, in their blood. The high levels of insulin in the blood causes patches of darkened skin on the back of the beck, under the arms and in the groin area. This condition is called acanthosis nigricans.
Stress, Anxiety & Depression
Women with PCOS/PCOD are three times more likely to experience anxiety, stress and depression. The exact scientifc reason behind this is still unclear. However, imbalance in hormones causes mood swings, anxiety, stress and in some worst cases depression as well.
High insulin is not just a symptom of PCOS/PCOD – it is also a major driver of the condition. High insulin can impair ovluation and cause the ovaries to make excess testosterone.
Women with PCOS/PCOD tend to gain a lot of weight. This is one of the primary symptoms of PCOD/PCOS. The high insulin levels in the blood, increase the production of male hormones called androgens. High androgen levels not only lead to hair growth, acne or irregular periods, but also results in weight gain.
The Health Total PCOD/PCOS Management Plan
PCOS/PCOD symptoms can be managed with the right nutrition, homepathy and ayurveda. PCOS itself cannot be treated, but symptoms like insulin resistance, hair growth, irregular menstrual periods and others can be easily treated with an integrated and holistic approach to the condition. At Health Total by Anjali Mukerjee, we have successfully helped many women with PCOS/PCOD. Research shows that by losing only 5-10kgs or 5-10% of the initial body weight reduces insulin resistance by 50%. The weight loss also restores the normal functioning of the ovaries, which results in the reduction of male hormones, regularises menstrual periods and improves fertility.
- Nutrient-dense customised Low-GI pcos diet
- Stress and anxiety management
- Mood management
- Herbal therapy combined with homeopathy
- Special exercises to help manage pcod-pcos symtoms