Diabetes Causes & Symptoms
Many people think that eating excess sugar is the causes of diabetes, but that’s not really the case. Diabetes mellitus is a condition where the glucose quantity in our body is very high. This is not a healthy sign because excess glucose can lead to various health issues. The exact diabetes cause is not known but studies have shown that when the immune system attacks insulin-producing cells in the pancreas you become prone to diabetes.
Also, eating too many calories leads to weight gain, is one of the major risk factors and cause of diabetes type 2. Other factors that can cause diabetes include age and family history. Health Total’s integrated approach towards diabetes management helps to manage the symptoms and causes of diabetes.
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Diabetes can be categorised into two broad types:
Type 1 Diabetes
There is a certain type of cell present in our body, known as beta cells, whose primary function is to store and secrete insulin. Insulin is a hormone that transports sugar and glucose to cells in the body, where it is used as fuel. However, when a person is suffering from type 1 diabetes, the immune system begins to destroy these essential beta cells, thus hampering this process.
As a result, glucose builds up in the body and this is what causes diabetes type 1. Though the symptoms of type 1 are quite subtle, they include –
- Pain in the stomach
- Dryness in the mouth & extreme thirst
- Nausea & vomiting
- Increased hunger
- Weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Heavy breathing
- Blurred vision & feeling of fatigue
- Occurrence of skin & urinary infections
Causes of Diabetes Type 1
Type 1 diabetes is a rare health disorder, so the causes of diabetes type 1 are not clearly known. Some common factors that can lead to its occurrence include –
If either of your parents suffer from type 1 or you have a family history, it is likely that you may also develop it at some point in your life. Type 1 affects both men, women and children and is common in individuals below 20 years.
The presence of any virus in the body can cause havoc in your immune system. When the body tries to get rid of the virus, it begins to attack the pancreas. While doing so, it begins to kill the beta cells, leading to high levels of insulin in the body.
Other health disorders
If you suffer from health disorders such as vitiligo or Grave’s disease, you could be at a high risk of suffering from type 1.
Though the symptoms of type 1 are misleading, ignoring them could lead to serious health problems. Type 1 is difficult to manage and control. So, it is best to seek advice of a health expert. Staying active, eating healthy and cutting down on unhealthy sugars are some of the best ways to manage the causes of type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
Unlike type 1, what cause diabetes type 2 is the body producing insulin but the cells not using it. This condition is known as insulin resistance. As a result, the pancreas produce more insulin to get glucose into the cells, leading to high blood sugar levels. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include –
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Fatigue & irritability
- Numbness in hands or feet
- Wounds do not heal easily
- Occurrence of yeast infections
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Causes of Diabetes Type 2
Some of the factors are –
While genes give us our good look and charming features, they can also pass on undesirable health disorders. If either of your parents suffer from type 2 diabetes or if you have a family history, it further increases your risk of developing this health issue. Type 2 is common among people above 45 years.
Sedentary lifestyle & diet
Glucose is obtained from what you eat. So, a diet high in sugar and other unhealthy fats can lead to excess levels of glucose in the body. Also, leading a sedentary lifestyle, accompanied by high stress levels and lack of sleep can lower immunity, making you prone to various health problems.
Excessive alcohol consumption, regular smoking, consuming drugs or heavy medication lowers immunity and leads to a build-up of harmful toxins in the body. This increases the risk of developing serious health problems.
High sugar diet
Sugar is found naturally in a majority of foods in the form of simple carbohydrates. While natural sugars may not harm the body, artificial sugars can. High intake of sugar can cause obesity and heart problems, which can further increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Here’s a list of foods high in sugar content, which you must avoid –
- Packaged & processed foods
- Sweetened soft drinks
- High fructose corn syrup
- Sugary candies
What causes diabetes type 2 is faulty genes or an unhealthy diet. While you cannot control your genes, you can surely watch what you eat. Conventional medicines are not the only way to manage diabetes causes. Making certain lifestyle modifications and dietary changes go a long way in managing the causes and symptoms. If left untreated, type 2 can lead to –
- Heart problems
- Loss of vision
- Kidney failure
- Poor circulation of blood