It is not possible to consider only one single cause for all types of Arthritis. The cause in any given case varies according to the type or form of arthritis. Below are the potential causes for arthritis:
- Abnormal metabolism – leading to gout and pseudogout
- Genetic – such as in osteoarthritis
- Injury – leading to degenerative arthritis
- Infections – such as in the arthritis of Lyme disease
- Immune system disturbances – such as in RA and SLE.
Most types of arthritis are caused by a combination of many factors working together, although some arthritis conditions have no obvious cause and appear to be unpredictable in their emergence.
Some people may be more prone to certain kind of arthritic conditions due to their genetic makeup. Additional factors, such as previous injury, infection, smoking and physically demanding occupations, can interact with a person’s genes to further increase the risk of arthritis.
Diet and nutrition play an important role in managing arthritis and the risk of arthritis, although specific foods, food sensitivities or intolerances are not known to cause arthritis. Foods that increase inflammation, particularly animal-derived foods and diets high in refined sugar, can exacerbate arthritis. Similarly, eating foods that provoke an immune system response can exacerbate arthritis symptoms